release new three wheeled concept at the Paris International Motor
Show. A mix between car and scooter that incorporates Peugeot's latest
a half-way house between the world of the scooter and the car, the
HYmotion3 compressor is a highly original proposal designed to
facilitate urban mobility. Attractive thanks to its dynamic,
streamlined and futuristic style ; it is an interesting concept
combining numerous benefits (size, safety and comfort) with
‘‘HYmotion’’ hybrid/petrol technology.
This new generation technology creates a three wheel drive vehicle,
benefiting safety and driveability and combining economy with an
environmentally-friendly specification (CO2 emissions of only 47 g/kph
in the combined cycle, zero in electric only mode).
The HYmotion3 compressor concept is a means of transport with no
affiliation to a particular type of vehicle. With its three wheels and
its streamlined body, it is something of a missing link between two
worlds which to date are quite distinct: that of the scooter and that
of the car. With an electric motor in each of its two front wheels,
coupled at the rear with a petrol engine, it brings into play very
innovative hybrid technologies allowing each of its wheels to provide
In a world of intensifying urban traffi c where everyone is trying to
save time, where oil prices are skyrocketing and the environment is
more than ever a priority, design departments are vying in ingenuity to
develop solutions for the future.
Giving full rein to their creativity and expertise, two separate
Peugeot teams converged on a similar idea and finally worked in tandem
to develop a particularly original
project: the HYmotion3 compressor. This ‘‘concept car’’, or rather
‘‘concept scooter’’, is based on the extensive experience of Peugeot
Motorcycles, specialists in the scooter field, as well as the
creativity and innovative capabilities of stylists and engineers
working for Automobiles Peugeot.
create this concept, Peugeot was able to draw on its extensive
experience in the world of transportation enabling each individual,
according to their age or their needs, to choose from among the
Marque’s cycles, motorcycles and cars.
This vehicle offers an ideal mix of the benefi ts of a scooter and particular characteristics of a car.
Its design is based on three wheels for maximum stability, safety and
driveability. Its width of 82 cm enables it to thread a path through
urban traffic with all the efficiency of a two-wheeler. The front
windscreen extends to the rear of the vehicle to form a highly
effective shield against bad weather for the rider and passenger.
In addition, regulations in France allow the vehicle to be driven with
a B licence only, giving it a wide range of potential customers.
Finally, this vehicle incorporates HYmotion technology, also featured
on other concept-cars in the Peugeot exhibition space at the Paris
Motor Show. This new generation hybrid technology incorporates the
supercharged petrol engine already featured in the Peugeot Satelis
scooter. With a power of 15 kW (20 bhp) driving the rear wheel, it is
combined with two electric motors, each with an output of 3 kW, located
in the front wheels.
This configuration develops a maximum power of 21 kW (29 bhp) for a
particularly low fuel consumption of 2.0 litres/100 kph and CO2
emissions of 47 g/kph in the combined cycle, or 0 in electric only
mode. The design of the HYmotion3 compressor, with its three wheel
drive, provides positive benefits for both safety and driveability.
Thanks to its extreme hybridisation, the HYmotion3 compressor concept
creates a new benchmark in terms of safety (improved traction and
braking), practicality and environmental-friendliness, offering
original versatility at one with its environment.
Style Sharing ‘‘DNA’’
the basis of a frame designed by Peugeot Motorcycles, Peugeot car
stylists unveiled a resolutely sporty and avant-garde design which also
captures the spirit of their latest creations, for example the 308 RCZ
Two polished aluminium roll-over bars support the ‘‘bubble’’ which
protects the two occupants. This use of materials is strongly
reminiscent of the RCZ concept.
These bars make a significant contribution to the vehicle’s overall
personality and balanced proportions. In addition to the comfort
provided by this structure, the bars end in a handle which can be used
by the rear passenger. To preserve the vehicle’s clean lines, there are
no rear-view mirrors, this function being carried out by
two display screens on the instrument panel offering optimal rear vision.
Viewed from the front the vehicle creates a strong impression of
modernity with its row of light emitting diodes (LEDs) on either side
of the base of the front windscreen. These provide highly efficient
lighting and also ensure that the vehicle can be seen easily in traffic.
Tapered front mudguards, strong lines and hi-tech rear lights… each
detail adds to the dynamism of the HYmotion3 compressor. A dynamism
which bears a strong resemblance to models in the Peugeot car range…
Operating principle: simple, efficient, automatic and transparent for the user
The vehicle’s petrol engine has a power output of 15 kW (20 bhp). It is
the supercharged 125 cc engine featured in the Peugeot Satelis scooter,
this modern engine is widely acclaimed for its performance in its
In addition to this method of propulsion, the vehicle also has another
mode of traction. Two electric motors, one in each wheel, are present
at the front of the vehicle. With a power of 2 x 3 kW, they are powered
by ‘‘lithium-ion’’ batteries and recharged by an energy recovery system
which operates during deceleration and braking.
Therefore, there are no mechanical connections between the front and
the rear, everything being controlled electronically (‘‘by wire’’),
allowing optimisation of the available space.
The HYmotion3 compressor can therefore be ridden in a number of different ways:
in electric only mode (when starting up, at low speed and when decelerating, for a range of up to 10 kph at stabilised speed),
in petrol engine only mode, at a constant speed on the open road, when the engine attains its optimal efficiency,
with the petrol engine / electric motors combined:
. during phases of acceleration for additional power (‘‘boost’’
function), the latter can attain a maximum of 15 + 3 x 2 = 21 kW (29
. in three wheel drive mode, when road conditions warrant it.
In fact, the layout of this electric/petrol hybrid system allows three
wheel drive under all circumstances, benefiting safety and driveability.
This hybrid technology, as well as its special innovative layout, is an
important vector of research and development for Peugeot. Known
internally as ‘‘HYmotion’’, this system is presented in multiple
formats, featuring different types of engine, on Peugeot’s stand at the
Paris Motor Show. This concept demonstrates that the technology can be
installed in any type of vehicle. In addition, different types of
conventional engine can be combined with different types of electric
HYmotion technology in this case is particularly miniaturised to ensure an environmental performance of the highest order.
The suspension and the structure are designed to take account of this
technology’s application. The parallelogram type front suspension (i.e.
with tilting wheels) has a transverse damper at its centre and ensures
optimal driveability and vehicle stability.
These technical components are located on the wheel hubs, therefore
reducing the vehicle’s centre of gravity following the example of the
low-slung tubular frame.
Braking, rendered more effi cient by the presence of an ABS system, it
relies on three ventilated discs and, above all, the front electric
motors, which recover energy to recharge the batteries. This assembly
(three wheels + electric motor braking) also reduces the braking
distance by around 30% compared to a two-wheel scooter equipped with
Another system contributing to the vehicle’s efficiency is the STOP
& START system. This system switches the petrol engine to standby
mode during stop phases (at a red traffic light or a stop sign, in
queuing traffic, etc.) or when the vehicle is being driven in electric
This allows significant gains in terms of fuel consumption and
emissions, particularly in dense traffic conditions. It also allows the
petrol engine to be restarted instantaneously and ‘‘transparently’’ for
the driver when necessary. Note that when being driven in electric only
mode, the HY motion 3 compressor is ideally suited to city use since it
generates no CO2 emissions or pollutants and is silent in operation.
The end result is a three-wheel drive vehicle offering reduced fuel
consumption in the combined cycle of 2.0 litres/100 kph and CO2
emissions of 47 g/kph!
Performance doesn’t suffer either, since with a maximum power of 21 kW
(29 bhp), its acceleration and in-gear acceleration is equivalent to
what would have been possible with a single cylinder 400 cc engine.
Here too, the hybridisation of technologies makes it possible to
combine the benefi ts of an ultra-compact urban vehicle with
three-wheel drive, while at the same time offering
Environmentally-friendly and efficient technologies: research goes on
To tackle the problem of greenhouse gas emissions, and with the
prospect of fuel prices rising ever higher, Peugeot has made the
reduction of fuel consumption and CO2 emissions a key facet of its
product policy, both with regard to motor cars and motorcycles. In fact
Peugeot is making a key contribution to the position of the PSA Peugeot
Citroën group as a world leader in the market of cars with a rate of
CO2 emissions below 120 g/kph
In the market for motorised two-wheelers, Peugeot Motorcycles is also
very much to the fore. Peugeot Motorcycles has been innovating since
1996 when it launched the Scoot’Elec, the market’s first compact
In 2002, Peugeot Motorcycles developed and perfected engines with
electronic fuel injection in line with the strictest anti-pollution
standards, thereby helping to reduce fuel consumption and CO2 emissions
while improving performance and driveability.
In 2006, weight and aerodynamic tests carried out in the wind tunnel
saw the Satelis scooter obtain the best SCx on the market and, as a
result, offer one of the lowest fuel consumptions in its segment.
Since 2008, Peugeot Motorcycles has included a 50 cc, 4-stroke scooter
in its range offering particularly low fuel consumption, the V-Clic.
With HYmotion technology, benefi ting from experience derived from
previous technological demonstrators (307, 307 CC and 308 Hybrid HDi),
the HYmotion3 compressor represents a major advance in terms of
‘‘customer’’ benefits. These benefits include: safety, driveability,
economy and also environmental-friendliness.